& IBERO-AMERICAN BIOETHICS # 1
PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL ETHICS: Interview to Dr. Francisco Sánchez Moreno, Former Dean, Peruvian Medical Professional College
IN MEDICAL PRACTICE: Dr. Salomón Zavala Sarrio, Internal physician,
collaboratour of Dialy "Gestión", and Former Peruvian Vice-Minister
It is about the rise of Bioethics until now. Latin American conditions stablish peculiar manners to try to solve bioethical problems through of principles of solidarity and equality, and not by a market criteria.
ABORTION: BRIEF REFLECTIONS
ON THE RIGHT TO LIFE: Dr. Genival Veloso de França,Professor
of Bioethics, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros
In addition to express his opinion, the author presents some reflections of other authors and personalities. concerning the most elementary, irrefragable right: the one of living. Even considering the most adverse, difficult situations in the perverse Brazilian reality, he shows that present awareness tends more and more to safeguard human life and preserve its environment. He also points out the fact that abortion is not a cause, but a consequence; and it will always have its solutïon as a social phenomenon by means of political proposals capable of deeply reaching the distressing elernents that afflict the women who provoke abortion. Finally, the author affirms that abortion is only permitted by Penal Codes and Code of Medical Ethics if it is practised to save the mother's life or if pregnancy results from rape. He also emphasizes that some isolated cases of abortion of anencephalic fetuses are not a mode of eugenic abortion, but a way of intervention in a life scientifically unable to exist by itself.
IN ASSISTED REPRODUCTION: Myth and reality, ethical aspects Dr. Augusto
Chang-Silva, Member of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics
It is about a number of gynecological techniques and specially of those of assisted reproduction. Physicians should avoid to look for easy money through fraud, robbery or manipulation of their patients.
A SOCIO-CULTURAL FOCUS Fidel Gutiérrez Vivanco, Bach. Phil., San
We should try to solve our main health problems not only with Medicine but also Education because we are a bio-social-spiritual integrity. In that way we shall advance in the fight against AIDS.
BORN WITH DIGNITY Dr. Rafael Arce Vela, Former Professor of Medicine, Federico
Villarreal National University
It is about the great responsability to be parents. And this begins even before the fecundation when we have knowledge and consciousness of our reproductive potenciality. That is, when we choice when and how to have a baby in order to care it for with dignity. To be good parents we need to have developed our sense of responsability and self-steem.
DIE WITH DIGNITY Dr. Patrick Wagner Grau, Peruvian Medical Professional
It is about death in present society and specially in hospitals. Death is a taboo and for that it is managed in a uncovered way. It is necessary not hiding the end of life and give it its natural place: we must educate ourselves for thanatos -mostly the health professionals-. All of us have a right to experience our death with compassion and humanitarism from the others.
AND EUTHANASIA Lic. M. A. Paz y Miño, PERUVIAN
INSTITUTE OF APPLIED PHILOSOPHY/AERPFA
Suicide since much time ago has been seen as an rational alternative to social and public humiliation. Also it has been looked for desperately in times of terrible anguish. For teists only God has a right on life and death. For both unbelievers on supernatural and believers on human freedom, man has a right not only to choose how to live but how to die. Hence euthanasia should be a legal and moral option permissible too.
REVIEWS AND NOTES
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