THE PERUVIAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHILOSOPHY

PRESENTS:

NEO-SKEPSIS # 1:

PSEUDOSCIENCES

Month (?) of 1998

(Abstracts)

DEMARCATING SCIENCE FROM PSEUDOSCIENCE by Mario Bunge, McGill University

There is a considerable uncertainty concerning the peculiarities of pseudosciences, and this uncertainty affects science policy makers and administrators at all levels. The uncertaintity is due to the usual definitions of science, which are simplistic for seizing each on a single trait (e.g. empirical content, or refutability, or consensus) rather than o whole cluster of attibutes. A more complex definition is offered in terms of ten different conditions, from the general outlook to the partial overlap between each science and other sciences. Along the way several other notions are defined, particularly those of cognitive field, research program, paradigm, and scientific revolution. Then the concept of pseudoscience is defined. As well, scientific unorthodoxies and antisciences are characterized and sharply distinguished from another. It is concluded that the failure of the standard philosophies of science to identifyand criticize pseudoscience and antiscience raise grave doubts about their adequacy.

SCIENCE, PSEUDOSCIENCE AND MARIO BUNGE by Julio Sanz, Universidad de San Marcos

It is about some important examples of pseudoscience -»scientific» creationism, psycoanalysis, astrology, etc. and also their criticism. Then tries on Prof. Bunge’s fight against such theories and activities. And of course of some traits of science that distinguish it from pseudoscience.

THE SCIENTIFIC ATTITUDE AGAINST ANTI-SCIENCE AND PSEUDOSCIENCE by Paul Kurtz, Council for Secular Humanism

It is easy for some one to abandon itself to the unreason, to an atttitude contrary to evidence and proof by science or to introduce mere believes as truthful. The natural human gullibility easily makes that many people believe any thing, many times as an escape from the sorrowful and boring reality. And of course it is not enough for man the scientific knowledge, also he needs arts and philosophy to find a sense to life.

THE NATURE OF PSEUDOSCIENCE by Terence Hines, Pace University

It is about the main traits of pseudoscience-e.g. its infalsability, lack of careful experiments, etc.-, also there are examples of it: creationism, ufology, etc. The paranormal is very close to it and the scientific mistakes (the N-rays and polywater). Scientist have as a duty critizice pseudosciences in order to inform to people on their consecuences and dangers.

PSEUDOCIENTIFIC PRACTICES: Some simmilarities and differences by Andrew Lugg, University of Ottawa

It is on some demarcation criteria between science and pseudoscience (probabilism, Popperian falsacionism, etc.), also it is about certain criticisms to and of certain variety, attitudes and practices of pseudoscience.

NEW IRRATIONALISM: Post-modernity and Anti-science by Mario Méndez, Mexican Society of Skeptical Research What is it that makes anti-science ticks and its theorists run? Post-moderdism seen as a sort of dreary social decays. Can society assume the burden of defending scientific endeavor?

THE INFLUENCE OF PSEUDOSCIENCE AND PARANORMAL IN THE PERUVIAN PEOPLE’S EVERY DAY LIFE by M.A. Paz y Miño, The Peruvian Journal of Applied Philosophy

It tries to explain certain people’s activities who visited Peru in the last years such as psychic healers, hypnotizers and telepaths) and also several supossed miraculous or extrordinary events (for example, images crying, alien visits, the future in the stars, cards, palm of the hand, etc.) By the other side, author makes some reflexions on their success and consecuences in the Peruvian people.

ANTI-REASON by Paul Kurtz, Council for Secular Humanism

It is about the compromise of secular humanists with reason, intelligence and science in order to solve human troubles. But even in the mostdeveloped countries religion and the unreason’s cults have not lost the battle for the mind of men and women. However, it is needed humanists have a consciousness of their duty to fight against both totalitarian and intolerant religions and morals and of the hard work that they have forward.

REVIEWS AND NOTES

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